Siting Nut Trees
CHOOSING A SITE FOR YOUR NUT TREES
Young nut trees require extra care during and immediately after planting, especially for trees with a taproot (Walnut, Hickory, Butternut, Buartnut). Effective weed control helps reserve moisture for your crop trees. Use organic mulch to hold moisture, and water at least once per week while they are getting established.
Be sure that you can provide water to the trees during their first growing season, keeping the soil surrounding them “uniformly moist, constantly.” Each tree should receive 5 to 10 gallons of water per day until the end of May, and 2 to 3 times per week thereafter through mid-July.
Nut trees grow very fast in rich soil. Soils with some clay that are not constantly wet are good for most nut trees. They can tolerate wetter soils than fruit trees but will drown if their roots are sitting in water all year round.
Hybrid Hazelnuts and Korean Stone Pine do not have taproots and, like fruit trees, favor lighter, well-drained soils, though will grow in heavier soils with care in the earlier years.